Statistical Consequences of Fat Tails

Chapter 3 Only. By: Nassim Nicholas Taleb Chapter 3 – Fat Tails and Their Effects, An Introduction Spotting fat tails through negative empiricism: As we gather information, we can rule (other) distributions out. If we see a 20 sigma event,

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How Capitalism Changes Conscience

By: Jonathan Haidt In: Centers for Humans and Nature Date: 28 September 2015 Key Concepts: Our world is changing fast. Ecologically, economically, demographically, etc. Most of us are disoriented by these changes. Rapid changes change our ethics. “Most important graph

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Homeostasis and Gauss Statistics

Barriers to understanding natural variability. By: Bruce J. West In: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice Date: 11 March 2010 Key Concepts: Most decision making revolves around pattern recognition [prediction]. Data => information => patterns => knowledge, models. Comparing patterns

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The Precautionary Principle

(with Application to the Genetic Modification of Organisms) By: Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Rupert Read, Raphael Douady, Joseph Norman, Yaneer Bar-Yam In: EXTREME RISK INITIATIVE, NYU SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING WORKING PAPER SERIES Date: 17 October 2014 Key Concepts: Precautionary principle: preventing

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A Deep-Dream Virtual Reality Platform for Studying Altered Perceptual Phenomenology

By: Keisuke Suzuki, Warrick Roseboom, David J. Schwartzman & Anil K. Seth In: Nature, Scientific Reports, 7 Date: 22 November 2017 Key Concepts: Altered states of consciousness (ASC): Qualitative alteration in the overall pattern of mental functioning. The experiencer feels

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Model hallucinations

By: Philip Gerrans and Chris Letheby In: Aeon Date: 2018 Key Concepts: Psychedelics: Induce an altered state of consciousness known as ‘ego dissolution’. Sensations of self-transcendence. A feeling in which the mind is put in touch more directly and intensely

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Characterization and prediction of acute and sustained response to psychedelic psilocybin in a mindfulness group retreat

By: Lukasz Smigielski, Michael Kometer, Milan Scheidegger, Rainer Krähenmann, Theo Huber & Franz X. Vollenweider In: Nature, Scientific Reports, 9 Date: 24 October 2019 Key Concepts: Meditation and psilocybin can promote a spectrum of altered states of consciousness Psilocybin: Can

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Ergodicity Economics

By: Ole Peters and Alexander Adamou In: Lecture notes and blog posts Date: 2019 Introduction The lecture notes and blog posts introduce and develop ergodicity theory, in the process challenging the foundations of economic theory, as well as providing mathematical

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REBUS and the Anarchic Brain

Toward a Unified Model of the Brain Action of Psychedelics By: R. L. Carhart-Harris and K. J. Friston In: Pharmacological Reviews Date: July 2019 Key Takeaways: Brains make models to reduce uncertainty: guess, test and revise. Guess: best-guess statistical approximations

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Researchers Find a Way to Mimic Clinical Trials Using Genetics

By: Gary Taubes In: MIT Technology Review Date: August 28, 2018 Key Quotes: Epidemiology. Study and analysis of the distribution, patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. How often diseases occur in different groups of people

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